Concept

Lednice

Summary
Lednice (ˈlɛdɲɪtsɛ; Eisgrub) is a municipality and village in Břeclav District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,300 inhabitants. It is known as part of Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The village of Nejdek is an administrative part of Lednice. The first written mention of Lednice is from 1222 under its Latin name Izgruobi, as a property of the Sirotek family. In the mid-13th century, it was passed into the hands of the House of Liechtenstein and its fortunes had been tied inseparably to the members of this noble family. Lednice lies in the Mikulovská wine subregion and is known for its wine production. Lednice is the terminus of the short Břeclav–Lednice railway line that operates only on weekends. In 1996, the Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an exceptional example of the designed landscape that evolved in the Enlightenment and afterwards under the care of a single family." Lednice contains a palace and the second largest castle park in the country, which covers . The Lednice Castle was originally a Renaissance villa. In the 17th century it became a summer residence of the ruling Princes of Liechtenstein. The estate house, designed and furbished by baroque architects Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Domenico Martinelli, and Anton Johan Ospel, proclaimed rural luxury on the grandest scale. In 1846–1858, it was extensively rebuilt in the neo-Gothic style under the supervision of Georg Wingelmüller. The surrounding park is laid out in an English garden style and contains a range of Romantic follies by Joseph Hardtmuth, including the solitary high minaret from 1802, which is the tallest outside the Muslim world.
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