Concept

Prunus subg. Padus

Summary
Prunus subg. Padus is a subgenus of Prunus, characterised by having racemose inflorescences. Padus was originally a distinct genus, but genetic and morphological studies have shown that Padus is polyphyletic. It has been proposed that all the racemose taxa within Prunus (Padus, Maddenia, Laurocerasus and Pygeum) are incorporated into a broad-sense Prunus subg. Padus. Species formerly included in the genus Padus are mostly incorporated into this subgenus, except P. maackii and P. xingshanensis which are included in Prunus subg. Cerasus. They are deciduous and have small, sour fruit usually only palatable to birds, hence the name bird cherries. Bird cherries are native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, including: Prunus alabamensis – Alabama black cherry, Southeastern United States Prunus brachypoda – China Prunus brunnescens – Sichuan and Yunnan Prunus buergeriana – Buerger's bird cherry, East Asia and Himalaya Prunus cornuta – Himalayan bird cherry, Himalaya Prunus grayana – Gray's bird cherry, China and Japan Prunus gyirongensis entire-leaved bird cherry, Tibet Prunus napaulensis Nepalese bird cherry, China and Himalaya Prunus obtusata - China Prunus padus – bird cherry or Eurasian bird cherry, Eurasia Prunus perulata – Sichuan and Yunnan Prunus serotina – black cherry, North America Prunus ssiori – Hokkaido bird cherry, Japan and Sakhalin Prunus stellipila – China Prunus velutina – China Prunus virginiana – chokecherry, North America Prunus wilsonii – Wilson's bird cherry, China Species formerly included in the genus Maddenia (假稠李, false bird cherries, or 臭樱, odorous cherries) form a monophyletic group. They are similar to bird cherries but lack petals. There are five species: Prunus fujianensis – Fujian false bird cherry, southeastern China Prunus gongshanensis – Gongshan false bird cherry, southwestern China Prunus himalayana – Himalayan false bird cherry, southwestern China, Myanmar, Himalaya Prunus hypoleuca (synonyms: , Prunus incisoserrata) – false bird cherry, China Prunus hypoxantha – Sichuan false bird cherry, western to central China Species formerly included in the genus Laurocerasus (cherry laurels) are evergreen and distributed in subtropics and tropics.
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