Concept

70th Infantry Division (United States)

Summary
The 70th Infantry Division ("Trailblazers") was a unit of the United States Army in World War II, spearheading the Seventh United States Army's drive into Germany, south of Saarbrücken. Activated at Camp Adair, Oregon, in 1943, the 70th Division served throughout World War II in the European Theater of Operations, the division was inactivated in October 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey following its return to the United States. The name "Trailblazers" originated from the pioneers moving west into Oregon and "blazing" trails through the thick evergreen forests of the Pacific Northwest. The 70th Infantry Division adopted the "Trailblazer" title when they were activated in 1943. They became known as the Trailblazer Division. Activated: 15 June 1943. July 1944 moved to Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri Overseas: Task Force Herren-December 1944; Support Troops-8 January 1945. Campaigns: Ardennes-Alsace, Rhineland, Central Europe. Days of combat: 86. Distinguished Unit Citations: 1. Awards: DSC-12; SS-228 (4 clusters); LM-7; SM-16; BS-430 (14 clusters); Military Cross (UK)-1; AM-20; Meritorious Unit Citation-3. Commanders: Major General John E. Dahlquist (June 1943 – July 1944), Major General. Allison J. Barnett (July 1944 – July 1945), Brigadier General Thomas W. Herren (July 1945 – October 1945). Returned to U.S.: 10 October 1945. Inactivated: 11 October 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jeresy Headquarters, 70th Infantry Division 274th Infantry Regiment 275th Infantry Regiment 276th Infantry Regiment Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 70th Infantry Division Artillery 725th Field Artillery Battalion (155 mm) 882nd Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm) 883rd Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm) 884th Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm) 270th Engineer Combat Battalion 370th Medical Battalion 379th AG Battalion 70th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized) Headquarters, Special Troops, 70th Infantry Division Headquarters Company, 70th Infantry Division 770th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company 70th Quartermaster Company 570th Signal Company Military Police Platoon Band 70th Counterintelligence Corps Detachment The three infantry regiments of the 70th Infantry Division, the 274th, 275th and 276th, landed at Marseille, France, 10–15 December 1944, and were formed into Task Force Herren under command of deputy division commander, Thomas W.
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