Concept

Nilo Peçanha

Summary
Nilo Procópio Peçanha (ˈnilu pɾoˈkɔpju peˈsɐɲɐ; 2 October 1867 – 31 March 1924) was a Brazilian politician who served as seventh president of Brazil. He was governor of Rio de Janeiro (1903–1906), then elected the fifth vice president of Brazil in 1906. He assumed the presidency in 1909 following the death of President Afonso Pena and served until 1910. Despite controversies involving his racial identity, Peçanha is frequently considered as Brazil's first Afro-Brazilian president. Biography Nilo Peçanha was born to Sebastião de Sousa Peçanha, a baker, and Joaquina Anália de Sá Freire, the descendant of a wealthy and noble family from northern Rio de Janeiro Province. He was one of seven siblings (five boys and two girls). His family lived in a state of poverty in the remote and poor neighborhood of Morro do Coco, Campos dos Goytacazes, and moved to the downtown area when Peçanha started elementary education. He was frequently described as being a mulatto
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