Concept

Pashto

Summary
Pashto (ˈpʌʃtoʊ,ˈpæʃtoʊ; پښتو, pəʂˈto, pʊxˈto, pəʃˈto, pəçˈto) is an Eastern Iranian language in the Indo-European language family. It is known in historical Persian literature as Afghani (افغانی). Spoken as a native language mostly by ethnic Pashtuns, it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan alongside Dari, and it is the second-largest provincial language of Pakistan, spoken mainly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the northern districts of Balochistan. Likewise, it is the primary language of the Pashtun diaspora around the world. The total number of Pashto-speakers is at least 40 million, although some estimates place it as high as 60 million. Pashto is "one of the primary markers of ethnic identity" amongst Pashtuns. Geographic distribution A national language of Afghanistan, Pashto is primarily spoken in the east, south, and southwest, but also in some northern and western parts of the country. The exact number of speakers is unavailable, but
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