Adolph Simon Ochs (March 12, 1858 – April 8, 1935) was an American newspaper publisher and former owner of The New York Times and The Chattanooga Times (now Chattanooga Times Free Press). Through his only child, Iphigene Ochs Sulzberger, and her husband Arthur Hays Sulzberger, Ochs's descendants continue to publish The New York Times through the present day.
Early life and career
Ochs was born to a German Jewish family in Cincinnati, Ohio, on March 12, 1858. His parents, Julius Ochs and Bertha Levy, were both immigrants. His father had left Bavaria for the United States in 1846. Julius was a highly educated man and fluent in six languages, which he taught at schools throughout the South. He supported the Union during the Civil War. Ochs' mother Bertha, who had come to the United States in 1848 as a refugee from the revolution in Rhenish Bavaria, had lived in the South before her 1853 marriage to Julius. She sympathized with the South in the war, but their differing sympathi