Politics in Georgia involve a parliamentary representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. The President of Georgia is the ceremonial head of state and the Prime Minister of Georgia is the head of government. The Prime Minister and the Government wield executive power. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and the unicameral Parliament of Georgia.Following a brief experience with republican democracy in 1918–1921, Georgia remained a Soviet Socialist Republic from 1921 until 1991. In its first years as an independent country, Georgia's political system experienced several tumultuous crises, including a coup d'état in 1992 overthrowing President Zviad Gamsakhurdia, separatist conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, and major corruption throughout the 1990s. The Rose Revolution of 2003 brought to power Mikheil Saakashvili, who implemented sweeping anti-corruption reforms. Georgian Dream defeated Saakashvili in the 2012 parliamentary election and has remained
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