Balliol College (ˈbeɪliəl) is a constituent college of the University of Oxford. Founded in 1263 by John I de Balliol, it has a claim to be the oldest college in Oxford and the English-speaking world. Balliol has a long history of innovation. It was one of the first Oxford colleges to appoint a Fellow in English, a Tutorial Fellow in Computer Science and was a founding college for Classical Archaeology and Ancient History. Famously, it was the birthplace of PPE in the 1920s and A. D. Lindsay, later master, played a key role in establishing the degree. In 2006, 45% of Balliol undergraduates obtained First Class degrees, a record within Oxford at the time.
Members of Balliol have been awarded 13 Nobel Prizes with 12 Laureates (the most of any Oxford college). Balliol has educated four Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom (the second highest of any Oxford college), Harald V of Norway, Empress Masako of Japan, President Richard von Weizsäcker of Germany, Seretse Khama of