Farang (فرنگ) is a Persian word that originally referred to the Franks (the major Germanic tribe) and later came to refer to Western or Latin Europe in general. The word "Farang" is a cognate and originates from Old French: "franc".
During the crusades, Frankish control was extended further in the Middle East. Unlike previous Franks, these Franks were almost all Christian as opposed to older Franks who were mixed groups of different religions.
Over time, the word began to be used more generically. In 12th century, the term Frank became associated with all of Western Europeans (including the French, Italians, and the Flemish) in the Muslim world. The term Frangistan (فرنگستان) was used by Thai and Muslims and was also used frequently by Persians. Muslim traders referred to all European traders as Farang and it entered much of the languages of South Asia and Southeast Asia as a term.
The word farang is from Persian word farang (فرنگ) or farangī (فرنگی), refers to Fra