Hogmanay (ˈhɒɡməneɪ,_ˌhɒɡməˈneɪ , ˌhɔɡməˈneː) is the Scots word for the last day of the old year and is synonymous with the celebration of the New Year in the Scottish manner. It is normally followed by further celebration on the morning of New Year's Day (1 January) and in some cases, 2 January—a Scottish bank holiday.
The origins of Hogmanay are unclear, but it may be derived from Norse and Gaelic observances of the winter solstice. Customs vary throughout Scotland, and usually include gift-giving and visiting the homes of friends and neighbours, with special attention given to the first-foot, the first guest of the new year.
The etymology of the word is obscure. The earliest proposed etymology comes from the 1693 Scotch Presbyterian Eloquence, which held that the term was a corruption of a presumed ἁγία μήνη () and that this meant "holy month". The three main modern theories derive it from a French, Norse or Gaelic root.
The word is first recorded in a Latin en