César Antonovich Cui (; Cesarius Benjaminus Cui; 13 March 1918) was a Russian composer and music critic, member of the Belyayev circle and The Five – a group of composers combined by the idea of creating a specifically Russian type of music. As an officer of the Imperial Russian Army he rose to the rank of Engineer-General (equivalent to full General), taught fortifications in Russian military academies and wrote a number of monographs on the subject.
Upbringing and career
Cesarius-Benjaminus Cui was born in Wilno, Vilna Governorate of the Russian Empire (now Vilnius, Lithuania) into a Roman Catholic family of French and Polish–Lithuanian descent, the youngest of five children. The original French spelling of his surname was "Queuille". His French father, Antoine (Anton Leonardovich) Cui, entered Russia with Napoleon's army; in 1812 he was injured during the battle near Smolensk and following the defeat he settled in Vilnius. He married a loca