The Guanches were the indigenous inhabitants of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean some west of the North African coast. They spoke the Guanche language, which went extinct in the 17th century and is believed to have been related to Berber languages.
It is believed that they may have arrived on the archipelago some time in the first millennium BC. The Guanches were the only native people known to have lived in the Macaronesian archipelago region before the arrival of Europeans, as there is no accepted evidence that the other Macaronesian archipelagos (the Cape Verde Islands, Madeira and the Azores) were inhabited. After the Spanish conquest of the Canaries starting in the early 15th century, many natives were wiped out by the Spanish conquerors while the rest assimilated over time into the settler population and culture, although elements of their original culture survive within Canarian customs and traditions, such as Silbo (the whistled language of La Go