Nicholas Barbon ( 1640 – 1698) was an English economist, physician, and financial speculator. Historians of mercantilism consider him to be one of the first proponents of the free market.In the aftermath of the Great Fire of London, he became an active London property developer and helped to pioneer fire insurance and mortgages as a means of financing such developments.Early life
Nicholas Barbon was born in London in either 1637 or 1640. and was the eldest son of Praise-God Barebone (or Barbon), after whom Barebone's Parliament of 1653—the predecessor of Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate—was named. Nicholas's purported baptismal name–"If-Jesus-Christ-had-not-died-for-thee-thou-hadst-been-damned"–was given to him by his Fifth Monarchist father and is an example of a hortatory name: religious "slogan names" were sometimes given in Dissenting families in 17th-century England.Conflicting sources claim the name "Unless-Jesus-Christ-Had
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