Concept

# Bisection

Summary
In geometry, bisection is the division of something into two equal or congruent parts (having the same shape and size). Usually it involves a bisecting line, also called a 'bisector'. The most often considered types of bisectors are the 'segment bisector' (a line that passes through the midpoint of a given segment) and the 'angle bisector' (a line that passes through the apex of an angle, that divides it into two equal angles). In three-dimensional space, bisection is usually done by a bisecting plane, also called the 'bisector'. Perpendicular line segment bisector Definition *The perpendicular bisector of a line segment is a line which meets the segment at its midpoint perpendicularly. *The perpendicular bisector of a line segment AB also has the property that each of its points X is equidistant from segment AB's endpoints: (D)\quad |XA| = |XB|. The proof follows from and Pythagoras' theorem: :|X
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