Lazare Hippolyte Carnot (6 October 1801, Saint-Omer – 16 March 1888) was a French politician.
He was the younger brother of the founder of thermodynamics Sadi Carnot and the
second son of the revolutionary politician and general Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot, who also served in the government
of Napoleon, as well as the father of French president Marie François Sadi Carnot.Early life
Hippolyte Carnot was born at Saint-Omer, Pas-de-Calais. After the final defeat of Napoleon in 1815, his father went into exile. Hippolyte Carnot lived at first in exile with his father, returning to France only in 1823. Unable to enter active political life, he turned to literature and philosophy, publishing in 1828 a collection of Chants helléniens translated from the German of Wilhelm Müller, and in 1830 an Exposé de la doctrine Saint-Simonienne, and collaborating in the Saint-Simonian journal Le Producteur. He paid several visits to Britain and travelled in other countries of Europe.
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