Concept

Hillfort

Summary
A hillfort is a type of earthwork used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. They are typically European and of the Bronze Age or Iron Age. Some were used in the post-Roman period. The fortification usually follows the contours of a hill and consists of one or more lines of earthworks, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches. Celtic hillforts Celtic hillforts developed in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, roughly the start of the first millennium BC, and were used in many Celtic areas of central and western Europe until the Roman conquest. They are most common during later periods:
  • Urnfield culture and Atlantic Bronze Age (c. 1300 BC – 750 BC) Bronze Age
  • Hallstatt culture (c. 1200 BC – 500 BC) late Bronze Age to early Iron Age
  • La Tène culture (c. 600 BC – 50 AD) late Iron Age
Prehistoric Europe saw a growing population. It has been estimated that in about 5000 BC du
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