Josip Broz (Јосип Броз, jǒsip brôːz; 7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), commonly known as Tito (ˈtiːtoʊ; Тито, tîto), was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and politician who served in various positions of national leadership from 1943 until his death in 1980. During World War II, he was the leader of the Yugoslav Partisans, often regarded as the most effective resistance movement in German-occupied Europe. He also served as the president of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 14 January 1953 until his death on 4 May 1980. Tito's political ideology and policies are collectively known as Titoism.
Tito was born to a Croat father and Slovene mother in the village of Kumrovec in Austria-Hungary (present-day Croatia). Drafted into military service, he distinguished himself, becoming the youngest sergeant major in the Austro-Hungarian Army of that time. After being seriously wounded and captured by the Russians during World War I, he was sent to a work camp in the Ural Mountains. He p