Concept

Politics of Malawi

Summary
Politics of Malawi takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Malawi is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. There is a cabinet of Malawi that is appointed by the President of Malawi. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Malawi was governed as a one-party personalist dictatorship under Hastings Banda and the Malawi Congress Party from independence to 1994. In the early 1990s, pressure formed on the regime to democratize. Following a 1993 referendum won by pro-democracy forces, a multi-party democratic system was established in 1994. Executive branch Under the 1995 constitution, the president, who is both chief of state and head of the government, is chosen through universal direct suffra
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