Concept

Magic angle spinning

Summary
In solid-state NMR spectroscopy, magic-angle spinning (MAS) is a technique routinely used to produce better resolution NMR spectra. MAS NMR consists in spinning the sample (usually at a frequency of 1 to 130 kHz) at the magic angle θm (ca. 54.74°, where cos2θm=1/3) with respect to the direction of the magnetic field. Three main interactions responsible in solid state NMR (dipolar, chemical shift anisotropy, quadrupolar) often lead to very broad and featureless NMR lines. However, these three interactions in solids are orientation-dependent and can be averaged to some extent by MAS:
  • The nuclear dipolar interaction has a 3\cos^2\theta - 1 dependence, where \theta is the angle between the internuclear axis and the main magnetic field. As a result, the dipolar interaction vanish at the magic angle θm and the interaction contributing to the line broadening is removed. Even though all internuclear vectors cannot be all set to the magic angle, rotating the
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