Mauritius (məˈrɪʃ(i)əs,_mɔː- ; Maurice mɔʁis, moʁis; Moris moʁis), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice; Repiblik Moris), is an Indian Ocean island country, approximately off the southeastern coast of East Africa, east of Madagascar. It includes the main island (also called Mauritius), as well as Rodrigues, Agaléga and St. Brandon. The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues, along with nearby Réunion (a French overseas department), are part of the Mascarene Islands. The main island of Mauritius, where most of the population is concentrated, hosts the capital and largest city, Port Louis. The country spans and has an exclusive economic zone covering . Mauritius is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
It is believed Arab sailors first discovered the uninhabited island around 975 naming it Dina Arobi. Portuguese sailors visited the uninhabited island in 1507 with the island appearing with the Portuguese names Cirn