Mohamed Atta (ˈætɑː ; محمد عطا mæˈħæmmædˈʕɑtˤɑ; September 1, 1968 – September 11, 2001) was an Egyptian terrorist hijacker and the ringleader of the September 11 attacks in 2001 in which four United States airliners were commandeered with the intention of destroying specific civilian, military, and governmental targets. He was the hijacker-pilot of American Airlines Flight 11, which he crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center as part of the coordinated attacks. Having just turned 33 at the time of the attacks, he was the oldest of the 19 hijackers who took part in the mission. Atta was directly responsible for the deaths of more than 1,600 people during the attacks.
Born and raised in Egypt, Atta studied architecture at Cairo University, graduating in 1990, and continued his studies in Germany at the Hamburg University of Technology. In Hamburg, Atta became involved with the al-Quds Mosque, where he met Marwan al-Shehhi, Ramzi bin al-Shibh, and Ziad Jarrah, together for