Gilbert Durand (1 May 1921 – 7 December 2012) was a French academic known for his work on the imaginary, symbolic anthropology and mythology.According to Durand, Imagination and Reason can be complementary. He defended the status of the image, traditionally devalued in Western thought, particularly in French philosophy. He advocated a multidisciplinary approach.He distinguished between two regimes: the diurnal and the nocturnal, to classify symbols and archetypes.Biography
During World War Two he joined the French Resistance in the Vercors.He began his career by teaching philosophy in the secondary school system from 1947 to 1956 (philosophy is taught in France at high school level), and then became a university professor of Sociology and Anthropology at the Grenoble II.Gilbert Durand was the co-founder with Léon Cellier and Paul Deschamps in 1966, and the director, of the Centre de recherche sur l'imaginaire and a member of Eranos. In 1988 he founded the humanit
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