Maud Mary Chadburn (9 March 1868 – 24 April 1957), was one of the earliest women in the United Kingdom to pursue a career as a surgeon. She also co-founded the South London Hospital for Women and Children in 1912 with fellow surgeon Eleanor Davies-Colley.
Maud Chadburn was born in Middlesbrough; her father was Reverend James Chadburn, a Congregational minister from Blackburn and her mother was Grace (née Tetley) from Bradford. By 1881 the family had moved to Kent, as shown on the 1881 census. Maud had two sisters and one brother, all younger than herself. Her sister Grace (known as Mrs Archibald Christie) was an embroiderer and her brother George an artist.
Chadburn was educated at Milton Mount College, an educational institution for the daughters of Congregational ministers, although other pupils were also accepted. She later studied at University College, London and at the London School of Medicine for Women.