Stará Červená Voda (Alt Rothwasser) is a municipality and village in Jeseník District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 600 inhabitants.
The village of Nová Červená Voda is an administrative part of Stará Červená Voda.
Stará Červená Voda is located about north of Jeseník and north of Olomouc, on the border with Poland. The northern part of the municipality with the built-up area lies in the Žulová Hilly Land. The southern forested part belongs to the Golden Mountains. The highest point is the Sokolí vrch mountain at above sea level.
The first written mention of Stará Červená Voda is in a deed from 1291, which described the situation in 1266. It was then part of the Duchy of Nysa within fragmented Piast-ruled Poland. Later on, along with the Duchy of Nysa, it passed under Bohemian suzerainty, and following the duchy's dissolution in 1850, it was incorporated directly into Bohemia. Following W