Withdrawal from representation, in United States law, occurs where an attorney terminates a relationship of representing a client. There are two types of withdrawal: mandatory and voluntary. Mandatory withdrawal occurs where a circumstance arises under which an attorney must terminate the representation, while voluntary withdrawal occurs where circumstances permit the attorney to terminate the representation at the attorney's election. Where litigation has been filed and an attorney is representing the client in court, permission of the court must usually be sought in support of an attorney's withdrawal.
There are many circumstances which require that an attorney must withdraw from a case:
The client fires the attorney.
The attorney determines that he is not competent to continue representing the client in a matter.
A conflict of interest arises under which the attorney's continued representation of multiple clients impairs the attorney's obligation