Concept

Pristis

Summary
Pristis is a genus of sawfish of the family Pristidae. These large fish are found worldwide in tropical and subtropical regions in coastal marine waters, estuaries, and freshwater lakes and rivers. Sawfish have declined drastically and all species are considered critically endangered today. Taxonomy The scientific genus name Pristis is derived from the Greek word for saw. Living species Recent authorities recognize four species:
  • Pristis clavata Garman, 1906 — dwarf sawfish, Queensland sawfish
  • Pristis pectinata Latham, 1794 — smalltooth sawfish
  • Pristis pristis (Linnaeus, 1758) — largetooth sawfish, common sawfish, freshwater sawfish, Leichhardt's sawfish
  • Pristis zijsron Bleeker, 1851 — longcomb sawfish, green sawfish
These are divided into two species groups. Most are considered a part of the smalltooth group, except P. pristis which is the sole member of the largetooth group. Two additional species, P. microdon a
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