Dōwa Automotive Industries Co Ltd (traditional Chinese/Kyūjitai: 同和自動車工業株式會社; Shinjitai: 同和自動車工業株式会社; Japanese Hepburn: Dōwa Jidōsha Kōgyō kabushiki kaisha) was a Manchukuo-based manufacturer of automobiles, trucks and armored cars. Its head office was in Mukden, the largest city of Manchukuo.
Founded on March 26, 1934, Dōwa Automotive was a joint venture of the South Manchurian Railway Company, the government of Manchukuo, and 7 Japanese companies. Following World War I, the Imperial Japanese Army saw the need for increased mechanization, and the Kwantung Army began to import foreign-built vehicles, including the Model 25 Vickers Crossley Armored Car. After the formation of the Empire of Manchukuo, the Kwantung Army's economic policy of self-sufficiency in major strategic heavy industry spurred the need for locally-built trucks and automobiles. Dōwa began with the assistance of Tōkyō Jidōsha Kogyo (the forerunner of Isuzu) to build vehicles from knock-down kits, a