In molecular biology, non-coding RNAs (ncRNA) are RNA molecules that have a function but are not translated into proteins. Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), one of the largest classes of ncRNA, are further subdivided into the two major C/D and H/ACA snoRNA families. snoRNA serve as guide RNAs for 2'-O-methylation and pseudouridylation of specific nucleotides and indicate the site of modification by direct base pairing with the target RNA. The majority of these snoRNAs are responsible for the post-transcriptional modification of ribosomal RNAs (rRNA) and in some cases of small nuclear RNAs (sRNAs). These post-transcriptional modifications are crucial for rRNA processing, stability and maturation.
The H/ACA snoRNAs that guide pseudouridylation in Trypanosomes consist of a single-hairpin followed by an AGA-box. These H/ACA snoRNA contain a pseudouridylation pocket that guides the H/ACA snoRNA to the correct region of its target rRNA.