The demographics of the European Union show a highly populated, culturally diverse union of 27 member states.
As of 1 January 2023, the population of the EU is slightly over 448 million people.
Population by country
The most populous member state is Germany, with an estimated 84.3 million people, and the least populous member state is Malta with 0.54 million.
Birth rates in the EU are rather low with the average woman having 1.6 children. The highest birth-rates are found in Ireland with 16.876 births per thousand people per year and France with 13.013 births per thousand people per year. Spain has the lowest birth rate in Europe with 8.221 births per thousand people per year.
List of European countries by life expectancy
Life expectancy in countries of the European Union in 2021 according to estimation of the World Bank Group:
Life expectancy and healthy life expectancy in countries of the European Un