Concept

Purtscher's retinopathy

Summary
Purtscher's retinopathy is a disease where part of the eye (retina) is damaged. Usually associated with severe head injuries, it may also occur with other types of trauma, such as long bone fractures, or with several non-traumatic systemic diseases. However, the exact cause of the disease is not well understood. There are no treatments specific for Purtscher's retinopathy, and the prognosis varies. The disease can threaten vision, sometimes causing temporary or permanent blindness. It is named for the Austrian ophthalmologist, Othmar Purtscher (1852–1927), who detected it in 1910 and described it fully in 1912. Presentation Associated diseases
  • Severe head, chest, or long bone trauma
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Amniotic fluid embolism
  • Chronic kidney failure
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Fat embolism syndrome
  • Scleroderma
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)
Pathophysiology Purtscher's retinopathy likely involves comple
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