Concept

Attica

Summary
Attica (Αττική, Ancient Greek Attikḗ or , atːikɛ̌ː or atiˈci), or the Attic Peninsula, is a historical region that encompasses the Athens metropolitan area, which consists of the city of Athens, the capital of Greece and the core city of the metroplitan area, as well as its surrounding suburban cities and towns. It is a peninsula projecting into the Aegean Sea, bordering on Boeotia to the north and Megaris to the west. The southern tip of the peninsula, known as Laurion, was an important mining region. The history of Attica is tightly linked with that of Athens, and specifically the Golden Age of Athens during the classical period. Ancient Attica (Athens city-state) was divided into demoi or municipalities from the reform of Cleisthenes in 508/7 BC, grouped into three zones: urban (astu) in the region of Athens main city and Piraeus (port city in greater Athens), coastal (paralia) along the coastline and inland (mesogeia) in the interior. The modern administrative region of Attica is
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