Concept

Hindu philosophy

Summary
Hindu philosophy or Vedic philosophy is the set of Indian philosophical systems developing alongside the religion of Hinduism and emerging in the Iron and Classical periods, which consists of six orthodox schools of thought (shad-darśana): Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimamsa and Vedanta. In Indian tradition, the word used for philosophy is Darshana (viewpoint or perspective), from the Sanskrit root drish ('to see, to experience'). These are also called the āstika philosophical traditions: those that accept the Vedas as an authoritative, important source of knowledge. Indian philosophy during the ancient and medieval periods of India also yielded philosophies that share philosophical concepts with these āstika philosophies but rejected the Vedas, and these have been called nāstika (heterodox or non-orthodox) Indian philosophies, including Buddhism, Jainism, Chārvāka, Ājīvika, and others, which are thus classified un
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