Concept

Fourth World

Summary
The Fourth World is an extension of the three-world model, used variably to refer to

Sub-populations socially excluded from global society, such as uncontacted peoples;

Hunter-gatherer, nomadic, pastoral, and some subsistence farming peoples living beyond the modern industrial norm.

Sub-populations existing in a First World country, but with the living standards of those of a Third World.

The term is not commonly used. "Fourth World" has also been used to refer to other parts of the world in relation to the three-world model. Etymology Fourth World follows the First World, Second World, and Third World classification of nation-state status; however, unlike the former categories, Fourth World is not spatially bounded, and is usually used to refer to size and shape which does not map onto citizenship in a specific nation-state. It can denote nations without a sovereign state, emphasizing the perceived non-recognition and exclusion of ethnically- and religiously-defin
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