Concept

Rally for the Republic

Summary
The Rally for the Republic (Rassemblement pour la République ʁasɑ̃bləmɑ̃ puʁ la ʁepyblik; RPR ɛʁ pe ɛr), was a Gaullist and conservative political party in France. Originating from the Union of Democrats for the Republic (UDR), it was founded by Jacques Chirac in 1976 and presented itself as the heir of Gaullist politics. On 21 September 2002, the RPR was merged into the Union for the Presidential Majority, later renamed the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). History The defense of the Gaullist identity against President Giscard d'Estaing (1976–1981) In 1974, the divisions in the Gaullist movement permitted the election of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing to the Presidency of the French Republic. Representing the pro-European and Orleanist centre-right, he was the first non-Gaullist becoming head of state since the beginning of the Fifth Republic in 1958. However, the Gaullist Party remained the main force in parliament and Jacques Chirac was appointed Prime Minister. Ch
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