Concept

Abu Muslim

Summary
Abu Muslim Abd al-Rahman ibn Muslim al-Khurasani (ابومسلم عبدالرحمان بن مسلم خراسانی; born 718/19 or 723/27, died 755) or Behzādān Pour Vandād Hormozd (بهزادان پور ونداد هرمزد) was a Persian general who led the Abbasid Revolution that toppled the Umayyad dynasty, leading to the establishment of the Abbasid Caliphate. Little is known about Abu Muslim's origins, but by early 740s he had been in contact with Abbasid agents and in around 745 he was sent to Khurasan. In 747, Abu Muslim initiated open revolt against Umayyad rule and quickly took Merv. He gradually strengthened the Abbasid control over Khurasan, and was appointed governor of the province following the establishment of the Abbasid regime in 750. Wary of Abu Muslim's rising influence and popularity, the second Abbasid caliph al-Mansur ordered his death. He was executed before the caliph in Al-Mada'in in 755 on charges of heresy. Origin and name According to the Encyclopædia Iranica, "sources diff
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