Concept

Central Europe

Summary
Central Europe is an area of Europe between Western Europe and Eastern Europe, based on a common geography, historical, social, and cultural identity. The concept of "Central Europe" appeared in the 19th century. Central Europe comprises most of the former territories of the Holy Roman Empire and those of the two neighboring kingdoms of Poland and Hungary. Hungary and parts of Poland were later part of the Habsburg monarchy. Unlike their counterparts in the rest of Europe, Central European powers historically had very few colonies or territories. After World War II, Central Europe was divided by the Iron Curtain (as agreed by the Big Three at the Yalta Conference and the Potsdam Conference) into two parts, the capitalist Western Bloc and the communist Eastern Bloc, although Switzerland, Yugoslavia, and Austria declared neutrality. The Berlin Wall was one of the most visible symbols of this division. Central Europe began a "strategic awakening" in the late 20th and early 21st century
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