Concept

ADFGVX cipher

Summary
In cryptography, the ADFGVX cipher was a manually applied field cipher used by the Imperial German Army during World War I. It was used to transmit messages secretly using wireless telegraphy. ADFGVX was in fact an extension of an earlier cipher called ADFGX which was first used on 1 March 1918 on the German Western Front. ADFGVX was applied from 1 June 1918 on both the Western Front and Eastern Front. Invented by the Germans signal corps officers Lieutenant de (1891–1977) and introduced in March 1918 with the designation "Secret Cipher of the Radio Operators 1918" (Geheimschrift der Funker 1918, in short GedeFu 18), the cipher was a fractionating transposition cipher which combined a modified Polybius square with a single columnar transposition. The cipher is named after the six possible letters used in the ciphertext: , , , , and . The letters were chosen deliberately because they are very different from one another in the Morse code. That reduced the possibility of operator erro
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