Concept

Caucones

Summary
The Caucones kɔːˈkoʊˌniːz,_kəˈkoʊˌniːz (Καύκωνες Kaukônes) were an autochthonous tribe of Anatolia (modern-day Turkey), who later migrated to parts of the Greek mainland (Arcadia, Triphylian Pylos and Elis). Origin and early history The phonology of the name Caucones has been taken as evidence for an origin in the Caucasus Mountains. It is also suggested that they are related to the Late Bronze Age Kaskians, who Hittite tablets locate along the southern shore of the Black Sea. According to Herodotus and other classical era writers, the Caucones were among the tribes displaced or absorbed by the Bithynians, who had migrated from Thrace. This suggests that the Bithynians spoke an Indo-European language, while the Caucones did not. In myth and literature The Iliad lists the Caucones among the Trojan allies. In Book X, the Trojan herald Dolon describes their homeland as "towards the sea" and mentions them alongside the Karians, Paionians, Leleges, and Pelasgians.
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