Concept

Verdet constant

Summary
The Verdet constant is an optical property named after the French physicist Émile Verdet. It describes the strength of the Faraday effect for a particular material. For a constant magnetic field parallel to the path of the light, it can be calculated by: :\theta=V B L Where \theta is the angle between the starting and ending polarizations, V is the Verdet constant, B is the strength of the magnetic flux density, and L is the path length in the material. The Verdet constant of a material is wavelength dependent and for most materials is extremely small. It is strongest in substances containing paramagnetic ions such as terbium. The highest Verdet constants in bulk media are found in terbium doped dense flint glasses or in crystals of terbium gallium garnet (TGG). These materials have excellent transparency properties and high damage thresholds for laser radiation. Atomic vapours, however, can have Verdet constants whi
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