Concept

Threshold model

Summary
In mathematical or statistical modeling a threshold model is any model where a threshold value, or set of threshold values, is used to distinguish ranges of values where the behaviour predicted by the model varies in some important way. A particularly important instance arises in toxicology, where the model for the effect of a drug may be that there is zero effect for a dose below a critical or threshold value, while an effect of some significance exists above that value. Certain types of regression model may include threshold effects. Collective behavior Threshold models are often used to model the behavior of groups, ranging from social insects to animal herds to human society. Classic threshold models were introduced by Sakoda, in his 1949 dissertation and the Journal of Mathematical Sociology (JMS vol 1 #1, 1971). They were subsequently developed by Schelling, Axelrod, and Granovetter to model collective behavior. Schelling used a special case of S
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