Concept

Retropubic space

Summary
Retropubic space is a potential avascular space located between the pubic symphysis and the urinary bladder. The retropubic space is a preperitoneal space, located behind the transversalis fascia and in front of peritoneum. Other names for the retropubic space are "Cave of Retzius" or "Retzius' space", named after the Swedish anatomist Anders Retzius (1796-1860). The space is a useful landmark in different gynecological and urological surgeries. Structure The space is located in the pelvic region and is bounded by the following structures: *Anteriorly: Symphysis pubis *Laterally: Pubic rami and obturator internus muscles *Posteriorly: Urinary bladder *Floor: Anterior vagina (in women) and proximal urethra Function The retropubic space is a potential space. Compartmental pressure The retropubic space is directly adjacent to the abdominal cavity and is hence affected with change in intra-abdominal pressure, which in turn affects the ph
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