Concept

Candiacervus

Summary
Candiacervus is an extinct genus of deer native to Pleistocene Crete. Due to a lack of other herbivores, the genus underwent an adaptive radiation, filling niches occupied by other taxa on the mainland. Due to the small size of Crete, some species underwent insular dwarfism, the smallest species, C. ropalophorus, stood about at the shoulders when fully grown, while other species were relatively large and comparable in size to mainland deer species. Some species (C. ropalophorus) are noted for their peculiar, elongate club-shaped antlers, though other species have more normal antlers. Taxonomy The Cretan deer is a typical example of taxonomical problems involving endemic insular mammals, due to the much larger variety than on the mainland, and the strong endemism. This obscures taxonomy, because many endemic features of Candiacervus are not unique but are found in other island deer as well, such as Cervus astylodon (Ryukyu Islands) and Hoplitomeryx (Southern Italy). De Vos
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