Concept

No. 189 Squadron RAF

Summary
No. 189 Squadron was a Royal Air Force squadron. The squadron was formed at Royal Flying Corps Ripon (RFC Ripon) on 20 December 1917 as a night-flying training unit, moving shortly afterwards to Sutton's Farm. This work continued until the end of World War I. On 1 March 1919, the squadron was disbanded. The squadron was re-formed as part of No. 5 Group RAF on 15 October 1944 at RAF Bardney near the village of Bardney in Lincolnshire. However, Jefford in RAF Squadrons lists the reformation date as November 1944. The squadron flew Avro Lancaster bombers in raids over occupied Europe in 1944 and 1945. The commanding officer was Wing Commander J. S. Shorthouse. Shorthouse had been born in Portsmouth in England in April 1920; joined the Royal New Zealand Air Force in April 1939; and transferred to the RAF in January 1940. He commanded the squadron in 1944-1945. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for an operation that predated his command of the squadron: he gained his DFC on
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