Concept

Hartford coal mine riot

Summary
The Hartford coal mine riot occurred on July 12, 1914, at Hartford, Arkansas. In a productive region of a state with 100% of its coal miners represented by the United Mine Workers (UMW), one mine owner attempted to open a non-union shop. In the resulting conflict, mines were flooded by sabotage, and on July 17 a crowd of union miners and sympathizers destroyed the surface plant of the Prairie Creek coal mine #3 and murdered two non-union miners. Resulting litigation in federal courts stretched to an out-of-court settlement of a nominal $27,500 in 1927. Background The coal fields and economic prosperity in Sebastian County, Arkansas, peaked between 1910 and 1920, with the population in Hartford, Arkansas, reaching 4,000 at one point. The clean burning coal yielded from the mines that stretched all along the Hartford/Hackett/Huntington corridor attracted mining interests. Incoming miners were mostly of Italian, German, Polish and Greek heritage. Local miners had first or
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