Concept

Berwind P. Kaufmann

Summary
Berwind P. Kaufmann (April 23, 1897 – September 12, 1975) was an important American biologist. After starting off as a botanist looking at plant chromosomes, Berwind Kaufmann ended up making pioneering contributions to three principal fields of basic cytogenetics:
  • the formation of chromosomal rearrangements by exposure to ionizing radiation;
  • the identification of specialized regions (the nucleolar organizer and heterochromatic regions) of the somatic chromosomes of the fruit fly Drosophila;
  • and the determination of the biochemical composition of both plant and animal chromosomes using purified enzymes.
Career Kaufmann was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He stayed in his hometown and attended the University of Pennsylvania, receiving his B.Sc. degree in 1918, M.A. in 1920, and Ph.D. in 1925. His doctoral thesis dealt with the structure of the chromosomes of Tradescantia and led to a major p
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