Concept

Victor Morax

Summary
Victor Morax (16 March 1866 – 14 May 1935) was an ophthalmologist born in Morges, Switzerland. He studied in Freiburg (Germany) and Paris, and from 1891 to 1903, he worked at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. From 1903 to 1928, he was associated with the Hôpital Lariboisière, rejoining the Pasteur Institute as a permanent member in 1929. In 1930, he became a member of the Académie de Médecine. While at the Pasteur Institute, Morax discovered the bacillus Moraxella lacunata, a cause of chronic conjunctivitis. The disease is sometimes referred to as either "Morax' disease" or as "Axenfeld's conjunctivitis", named after German ophthalmologist Theodor Axenfeld (1867–1930), who made his discovery of the bacillus during the same time period as did Morax. In 1923, he became vice-president of the "International League Against Trachoma" with bacteriologist Charles Nicolle (1866–1936) serving as its president. In 1929, he published a treatise on the disorder titled Le Trachom
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