Concept

Qatar

Summary
Qatar (UKˈkætɑr,_ˈkʌt-,_ˈgæt-,_ˈgʌt-,_kæˈtɑr,_gæ-,_kə-, USˈkɑːtɑr,_kəˈtɑr; Arabic: قطر, romanized: Qaṭar ˈqɑtˤɑr; local vernacular pronunciation: ˈɡɪtˤɑr), officially the State of Qatar, is a country in West Asia. It occupies the Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East; it shares its sole land border with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. The Gulf of Bahrain, an inlet of the Persian Gulf, separates Qatar from nearby Bahrain. The capital is Doha, home to over 80% of the country's inhabitants, and the land area is mostly made up of flat, low-lying desert. Qatar has been ruled as a hereditary monarchy by the House of Thani since Mohammed bin Thani signed a treaty with the British in 1868 that recognised its separate status. Following Ottoman rule, Qatar became a British protectorate in 1916, and gained independence in 1971. The current emir is Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, who holds nearly a
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