Concept

87th Infantry Division (United States)

Summary
The 87th Infantry Division ("Golden Acorn") was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. The 87th Division was a National Army division, made up of draftees from Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi. It was activated at Camp Pike, Arkansas on 25 August 1917. Like many units, the 87th Division was used to furnish personnel for other units scheduled for earlier overseas departure. Before November 1917, most of the enlisted men were transferred to other units (2,400 to the 81st Division, 3,000 to the 31st Division, and 8,000 to the 39th Division). The division was reconstituted from draftees drawn from the Midwest. Between January and June 1918, 40,000 men arrived at Camp Pike, but 30,000 left. The 87th Division lost more than 20,000 men, and numbered 15,000 men in June 1918. It was again reconstituted, with draftees mostly from New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. It went overseas in September 1918, but was utilized as a pool of laborers by the Services of Supply, American Expeditionary Forces. It returned to the United States in January 1919 to Camp Dix, New Jersey, and was demobilized in February 1919. MG Samuel D. Sturgis (25 August 1917). BG Robert Campbell Van Vliet (13 November 1917). MG Samuel D. Sturgis. COL John O'Shea (6 October 1918). MG Samuel D. Sturgis (23 October 1918). BG W. F. Martin (22 November 1918). Headquarters, 87th Division 173rd Infantry Brigade 345th Infantry Regiment 346th Infantry Regiment 335th Machine Gun Battalion 174th Infantry Brigade 347th Infantry Regiment 348th Infantry Regiment 336th Machine Gun Battalion 162nd Field Artillery Brigade 334th Field Artillery Regiment (75 mm) 335th Field Artillery Regiment (75 mm) 336th Field Artillery Regiment (155 mm) 312th Trench Mortar Battery 334th Machine Gun Battalion 312th Engineer Regiment 312th Medical Regiment 312th Field Signal Battalion Headquarters Troop, 87th Division 312th Train Headquarters and Military Police 312th Ammunition Train 312th Supply Train 312th Engineer Train 312th Sanitary Train 345th, 346th, 347th, and 348th Ambulance Companies and Field Hospitals The division was reconstituted in the Organized Reserve on 24 June 1921 and assigned to the states of Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi.
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