Concept

Althaea (plant)

Summary
Althaea is a genus of herbaceous perennial plants native to Europe, North Africa and western Asia. It includes Althaea officinalis, also known as the marshmallow plant, whence the fluffy confection got its name. They are found on the banks of rivers and in salt marshes, preferring moist, sandy soils. The stems grow to 1–2 m tall, and flower in mid summer. The leaves are palmately lobed with 3–7 lobes. Althaea species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Bucculatrix quadrigemina. Species The genus formerly included a number of additional species now treated in the genus Alcea (hollyhocks). , Plants of the World Online accepts the following species: *Althaea armeniaca Ten. *Althaea bertramii Post & Beauverd *Althaea cannabina L. *Althaea damascena Mouterde *Althaea hiri Parsa *Althaea octaviae Evenari *Althaea officinalis L. *Althaea oppenheimii Ulbr. *Althaea villosa Blatt. Chemical constituents The root c
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