Concept

# Automorphic function

Summary
In mathematics, an automorphic function is a function on a space that is invariant under the action of some group, in other words a function on the quotient space. Often the space is a complex manifold and the group is a discrete group. In mathematics, the notion of factor of automorphy arises for a group acting on a complex-analytic manifold. Suppose a group acts on a complex-analytic manifold . Then, also acts on the space of holomorphic functions from to the complex numbers. A function is termed an automorphic form if the following holds: where is an everywhere nonzero holomorphic function. Equivalently, an automorphic form is a function whose divisor is invariant under the action of . The factor of automorphy for the automorphic form is the function . An automorphic function is an automorphic form for which is the identity. Some facts about factors of automorphy: Every factor of automorphy is a cocycle for the action of on the multiplicative group of everywhere nonzero holomorphic functions. The factor of automorphy is a coboundary if and only if it arises from an everywhere nonzero automorphic form. For a given factor of automorphy, the space of automorphic forms is a vector space. The pointwise product of two automorphic forms is an automorphic form corresponding to the product of the corresponding factors of automorphy. Relation between factors of automorphy and other notions: Let be a lattice in a Lie group . Then, a factor of automorphy for corresponds to a line bundle on the quotient group . Further, the automorphic forms for a given factor of automorphy correspond to sections of the corresponding line bundle. The specific case of a subgroup of SL(2, R), acting on the upper half-plane, is treated in the article on automorphic factors.
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