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Concept# Automorphic function

Summary

In mathematics, an automorphic function is a function on a space that is invariant under the action of some group, in other words a function on the quotient space. Often the space is a complex manifold and the group is a discrete group.
In mathematics, the notion of factor of automorphy arises for a group acting on a complex-analytic manifold. Suppose a group acts on a complex-analytic manifold . Then, also acts on the space of holomorphic functions from to the complex numbers. A function is termed an automorphic form if the following holds:
where is an everywhere nonzero holomorphic function. Equivalently, an automorphic form is a function whose divisor is invariant under the action of .
The factor of automorphy for the automorphic form is the function . An automorphic function is an automorphic form for which is the identity.
Some facts about factors of automorphy:
Every factor of automorphy is a cocycle for the action of on the multiplicative group of everywhere nonzero holomorphic functions.
The factor of automorphy is a coboundary if and only if it arises from an everywhere nonzero automorphic form.
For a given factor of automorphy, the space of automorphic forms is a vector space.
The pointwise product of two automorphic forms is an automorphic form corresponding to the product of the corresponding factors of automorphy.
Relation between factors of automorphy and other notions:
Let be a lattice in a Lie group . Then, a factor of automorphy for corresponds to a line bundle on the quotient group . Further, the automorphic forms for a given factor of automorphy correspond to sections of the corresponding line bundle.
The specific case of a subgroup of SL(2, R), acting on the upper half-plane, is treated in the article on automorphic factors.

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Felix Klein

Christian Felix Klein (klaɪn; 25 April 1849 – 22 June 1925) was a German mathematician and mathematics educator, known for his work with group theory, complex analysis, non-Euclidean geometry, and on the associations between geometry and group theory. His 1872 Erlangen program, classifying geometries by their basic symmetry groups, was an influential synthesis of much of the mathematics of the time. Felix Klein was born on 25 April 1849 in Düsseldorf, to Prussian parents.

Automorphic function

In mathematics, an automorphic function is a function on a space that is invariant under the action of some group, in other words a function on the quotient space. Often the space is a complex manifold and the group is a discrete group. In mathematics, the notion of factor of automorphy arises for a group acting on a complex-analytic manifold. Suppose a group acts on a complex-analytic manifold . Then, also acts on the space of holomorphic functions from to the complex numbers.

Modular form

In mathematics, a modular form is a (complex) analytic function on the upper half-plane that satisfies: a kind of functional equation with respect to the group action of the modular group, and a growth condition. The theory of modular forms therefore belongs to complex analysis. The main importance of the theory is its connections with number theory. Modular forms appear in other areas, such as algebraic topology, sphere packing, and string theory.

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Fourier Expansion and Quaternion Algebra

Discusses Fourier expansion, quaternion algebra, and Whittaker model in automorphic forms.